Dear hopscotchers,

I tried using sin and cos but it turned out as just a line. I'm so confused.

- VB:cherry_blossom:

# How do you use sin and cos!?

Can someone explain Sin and Cos on hopscotch to me?

@Kiwicute2016 has a project for something like this. Go to HS and search How to Use Sins ans cos, her project will come up,

You can search on the forum for many topics like this or helpful projects on Hopscotch. Basically, you use a Leave a Trail block, a Set Position block, and an increasing value. I suggest you look for those tutorials

Sin and cos is basic trig

(I copied this form my math notes sorry if you don't understand it this is just how I take notes >.< and its gets a little confusing here and there and sorry for weird word placements like "furthermore" and "therefore")

## umm lets not have this clog everything up so its inside the arrow thingy

The sine (abbreviated "sin") and cosine ("cos") are the two most prominent trigonometric functions. All other trig functions can be expressed in terms of them. In fact, the sine and cosine functions are closely related and can be expressed in terms of each other.

Definition 1 is the simplest and most intuitive definition of the sine and cosine function. The sine definition basically says that, on a right triangle, the following measurements are related:

•the measurement of one of the non-right angles (q)

•the length of the side opposite to that angle

•the length of the triangle's hypotenuse

Alternately, the cosine definition basically says that, on a right triangle, the following measurements are related: •the measurement of one of the non-right angles (q)

•the length of the side adjacent to that angle

•the length of the triangle's hypotenuse

triangle 1 triangle 2

Futhermore, Definition I gives exact equations that describe each of these relations:

sin(q) = opposite / hypotenuse

cos(q) = adjacent / hypotenuse

This first equation says that if we evaluate the sine of that angle q, we will get the exact same value as if we divided the length of the side opposite to that angle by the length of the triangle's hypotenuse. This second equation says that if we evaluate the cosine of that angle q, we will get the exact same value as if we divided the length of the side adjacent to that angle by the length of the triangle's hypotenuse. These relations holds for any right triangle, regardless of size.

The main result is this: If we know the values of any two of the above quantities, we can use the above relation to mathematically derive the third quantity. For example, the sine function allows us to answer any of the following three questions:

"Given a right triangle, where the measurement of one of the non-right angles (q) is known and the length of the side opposite to that angle q is known, find the length of the triangle's hypotenuse."

"Given a right triangle, where the measurement of one of the non-right angles (q) is known and the length of the triangle's hypotenuse is known, find the length of the side opposite to that angle q."

"Given a right triangle, where the length of the triangle's hypotenuse and the length of one of the triangle's other sides is known, find the measurement of the angle (q) opposite to that other side."

The cosine is similar, except that the adjacent side is used instead of the opposite side.

The functions takes the forms y = sin(q) and x = cos(q). Usually, q is an angle measurement and x and y denotes lengths.

The sine and cosine functions, like all trig functions, evaluate differently depending on the units on q, such as degrees, radians, or grads. For example, sin(90°) = 1, while sin(90)=0.89399.... explaination

Both functions are trigonometric cofunctions of each other, in that function of the complementary angle, which is the "cofunction," is equal to the other function:

sin(x) = cos(90°-x) and

cos(x) = sin(90°-x).

Furthermore, sine and cosine are mutually orthogonal.

from a very very old topic from last june

**tankt2016**#5

I don't know how it works, but we can do it, so that doesn't help, but I want to know how to use it too!

I published a project on it, (how to use sin and cos). If you want you can check that out, it has visuals.

**Timelord007**#9

I learned Sin and Cos from Real Funkys lessons! Very simple. After that, just exporement with it.

**Dude73**#10

I just play around until something cool happens, which is not very often. Most of the time I press play and the screen is just white and nothing happens.